The Narcotics Act deals with pharmaceutical substances and preparations. The general circulation of narcotics is subject to strict conditions. Narcotics are drugs that are primarily used for chronic or severe pain, after operations or advanced tumor diseases. These substances must be chosen medically and administered sensibly. Pharmaceuticals that fall under the heading of narcotics are monitored by extensive regulations of the legislator in order to avoid their misuse. The Narcotics Act therefore includes provisions to protect against access by unauthorized persons. Further, it requires record keeping of consumption and documentation of controlled destruction.
Physicians and pharmacists may prescribe preparations of this type only on special narcotic prescriptions that expire after a maximum of 8 days. In addition, these prescriptions require more documentation. Physicians must comply with an evidence of retention and have a 3-year period of safekeeping. Furthermore, the Narcotics Act imposes strict requirements for the storage of medications. For example, narcotics must be stored either in a specially designed safe, in a room with room security or with electrical monitoring by a burglar alarm system.