An orthosis includes all aids close to the body, which provide the basis for mobility and stability of the body. They are considered orthopedic aids. Orthoses are usually used in case of malposition of limbs or after injuries. The aid is placed outside the body and is made of either plastic, metal, fabric or silicone. Orthoses include, for example, splints, bandages, corsets, support apparatuses or girdles.
Orthoses are individually fitted to the patient, so doctors work together with orthopedic technicians. Orthopedic aids can be divided into different functional categories. On the one hand, they serve to prevent or reduce malpositions, and on the other hand, they are designed to reduce or increase joint mobility as needed. They help to control spasticity or compensate for muscle weaknesses, as well as to reduce the load on individual body parts or distribute it differently. Some orthotics also have the function of compensating for the shape or length of a specific body part, such as the leg.
Although the aids are only worn externally, complaints may occasionally occur. The most common of these are pressure or chafing on the skin, circulatory problems, and irritation and irritation. However, the foreign body can also cause gait instability or even falls. In addition, if the orthosis is not properly fitted, it can cause incorrect loads and associated pain. In case of any kind of physical discomfort, a doctor should be consulted immediately to avoid negative consequences.