Bronchial asthma refers to a permanent disease of the lungs. In this chronic disease of the lung, the bronchial tubes react with continuous inflammation to causes such as cold air or physical exertion, as well as psychological stress.
Bronchial asthma can be divided into two forms. On the one hand, there is non-allergic asthma, in which the breathing difficulties are due to various factors. The other is allergic asthma, in which attacks are caused by allergens.
Widespread symptoms of the disease are severe coughing, a feeling of tightness in the chest and shortness of breath. These do not occur permanently, but in episodes in the form of attacks. It is quite possible for patients to be symptom-free for a long period of time before they are unexpectedly attacked by an asthmatic attack. However, the inflammation of the airways is permanently persistent and requires continuous treatment.
Bronchial asthma can also be diagnosed in different ways. For example, lung function tests, ultrasound, X-rays as well as ECGs and allergy tests can provide information. The lung disease often develops slowly and over a long period of time, making it difficult to diagnose initially.
Asthma can be treated with or without medication. Non-drug approaches include physical activity to increase exercise capacity and breathing therapies. It is especially important to avoid known triggers for asthma attacks to prevent damage to health.