A heart attack is a temporary undersupply of arterial oxygen to the heart muscle. This often occurs when a blood vessel in the heart muscle closes. It is also called a myocardial infarction and is a serious emergency situation that is often fatal.
Symptoms that accompany a heart attack include severe pain in the left side of the chest, shortness of breath, dizziness, vomiting and feelings of anxiety.
Factors that positively influence the risk of a heart attack include high blood pressure, obesity, and high cholesterol levels. In addition, smoking, an unhealthy lifestyle and little exercise can have an increased influence on the risk.
If a person suffers a heart attack, resuscitative measures must be started immediately and an emergency call must be made. Often, after acute care, these patients receive balloon dialation or a stent. In addition, further blood clots are prevented by drug treatment.