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Psychosomatic diseases

A psychosomatic illness is termed when there is a mild organic disease finding, but psychological or social criteria strongly influence the development, course and subsequent symptoms. The cause usually goes back to psychological or social, but also cultural or societal aspects, which exert stress, fears or another form of strain on the person affected. The psyche influences the nervous system and causes increased physical illnesses. This is due to the fact that stress and psychological strain stimulate the release of various hormones, which leads to an enormous change in the metabolism. As a result, the immune system also suffers damage and organic disease findings are diagnosed. Patients often feel misunderstood and see their everyday life and daily work as difficult and restricted. It is not uncommon for these people to develop a form of depression, medication addictions or to isolate themselves completely from others.

Typical symptoms are chronic pain in various parts of the body, permanent exhaustion and excessive fatigue. Besides, circulatory problems, dizziness or digestive problems can also occur. Occasionally, symptoms such as severe itching, palpitations or tinnitus also occur.

Psychosomatic illnesses often end on their own or after a detailed consultation with the doctor. Here, it is important that the doctor shows the patient understanding, takes the situation seriously. Further, the doctor should convincingly convey that the symptoms do not pose any serious risks. Treatment with medication, relaxation methods as well as psychotherapeutic support to alleviate the physical discomfort can also be sought.

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Sven J. Kolthof



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