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vital parameters

Basic functions of the human body can be measured and controlled using specific vital signs. These are used by medical professionals to perform physical examinations based on concrete values. There are five vital signs in total: respiratory rate and heart rate, as well as body temperature, blood pressure and oxygen saturation.

The standard values are defined as follows:

  • Respiratory rate: 12-14 breaths per minute
    This measures and describes the number of breaths per minute and can fluctuate due to external influences. Respiratory rate also affects other vital signs, namely heart rate, oxygen saturation and blood pressure.
  • Heart rate: 60-80 bpm
    This parameter focuses on heart activity and measures the number of beats per minute. Short- or long-term changes can be caused by exercise, stress, or various diseases.
  • Body temperature: 36.6°C
    In order to maintain all vital bodily functions and metabolic processes, it is important that the body temperature is constant.
  • Blood pressure: 120/80 mmHg
    This parameter contains two parameters at the same time. On the one hand, systolic blood pressure, which measures the pressure during the heartbeat. On the other hand, the diastolic blood pressure, which measures the pressure on the vessels.
  • Oxygen saturation: 98 – 100%
    This vital sign provides information about the percentage of oxygen in the blood. It has implications for lung function capacity and the effectiveness of oxygen transport in the blood.

Deviations or changes in vital signs from the norm allow conclusions to be drawn about the health status of the person being examined. Vital signs can be measured either once or over a longer period of time to obtain a comprehensive picture.

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